Transcript of PM's Rally Speech in English
By Huichieh on 21 Aug 2006 9:26 PM
Haloscan Comments Closed

Traditionally, the transcript of the Rally Speech in English is only available in outline form from SPRINTER (though usually a detailed one). An "Edited transcript" has since appeared on Straits Times Interactive. Nonetheless, somebody, who prefers to remain unnamed, has taken the trouble to transcribe the speech from the audio files (available from, e.g., Channelnewsasia) and made it available to Singapore Angle, commenting that at the very least, he got the hanyu pinyin right! (It's quan min luan jiang, not quan ming ruan jiang, and mo zhe shi zi guo he, not mo zua she ze kua he.) Turns out that he also inserted "[laughter]" and "[applause]" at various the points where the audience responded thus, and added the numbering used in the outline. And so here it is, for those who might find it useful.

update: The transcript is now available from SPRINTER, complete with links to the video clips (Singapore in Clay, Singapore in Sand Art) used during the rally, which is nice of them. A hat tip to lzydata, who also points out that a small--perhaps inconsequential--bit seems missing from the official version.

Singapore--Our Future, Our Home


1. Friends and fellow Singaporeans, my focus tonight is on Singapore's future in a rapidly changing world. The world is changing faster than ever and Singapore's changing rapidly too. And we have to adapt. We have to adapt both as individuals and also as a society and a nation to what's happening around us.

2. Tonight, I will cover five key issues which are crucial to our long term growth and prosperity. First, the economy, which is a precondition for everything we want to do. Secondly, the region--what's happening around us--which has a powerful effect on our lives. Then three issues for Singapore: one our population, two, the digital age and how it's changing us, and three heartware, the key to keeping us Singaporean.

3. I met one grassroots leader last week. He asked me: What goodies would you be announcing? [laughter] I had to tell him that I would be talking about subjects which would be very important to us for the long term but subjects which have no quick, final solutions and therefore, not suitable for goodies. But we have to discuss them, we have to understand them, we have to share views on them--because they will have major implications for our society, and how we respond as a nation will determine our future.

The Economy

1. Let me start off [by] talking about the economy. We've done well this last couple of years and particularly this year, and I am confident that the economy is going to grow. It's not just the numbers but it's also the quality of the growth and what the growth shows of what we are able to do and what people think of us. We have set as a target for our growth for the long term--we set 3 to 5% growth. But in the last two or three years we've done better than that. We had 10 and we had 7-plus, this year first half we had 9 and for the year we expect 7. I think that when the conditions are good, and the sun is shining, we should go for it, as fast as we can, as much as we can: get the growth, put it under our belt, put it aside a little bit [sic: put a little bit aside] so, when the thunderstorms come again, we will be ready.

2. But let me tell you why the growth this last few years shows we have what it takes to succeed. You look at the projects which have come in, you look at what we have been able to draw in. The IR, the Integrated Resort, at Marina South: 5 billion dollars of a project, a very major commitment by the investor, a vote of confidence in Singapore. We were not sure that, when we launch the IR tender, we would get such an overwhelming response. But we've got good bids, we've awarded a good project. And now, we are calling another bid for as second IR in Sentosa, and we've got four investors who are interested and I think we are going to have a second good Integrated Resort in Singapore.

In manufacturing, we are competitive. Again we've got big and very important projects. Shell has a multibillion-dollar petrochemical project here on Pulau Bukom, also on Jurong Island, spread in two places. Exxon-Mobile is planning a major project here, passed several important milestones, although they have not made a final decision yet. In electronics, we are getting wafer fabs to come to Singapore. We've had two big projects recently: one was French, the other one was a Korean-German joint venture.

Why are they here? It's not because we have low wages, it's not because we are competing at the bottom, but it's because we are the best place for high quality investments. Clean, safe, predictable: clean environment, working systems, and confidence, confidence that Singaporeans have what it takes to adapt to a changing world and are willing to change. Confidence that the government knows what it is doing and can get people to go with it. Confidence that the whole system works and if you plonk your investment here--[a] few billion dollars--it will be safe, it will be profitable, and people will work, and there will be results. And therefore, more projects will come, and therefore more jobs and more growth will be created.

3. We are not just sitting here waiting for projects to come. We are developing our capabilities and one of the capabilities we are working on is R&D--research and development. We are starting with three R&D areas: one, biomedical; two, water technology; and three, interactive and digital media. They are just words, but let me tell you why we went into these three areas so that you get some image of it.

Biotechnology and biomedical--because we have already got a base, we've done a lot of work, we've got scientists here, we've got a reputation and we're beginning already to see results. And we're going to put more investment into biomedicine so that we will be able to do clinical research, in other words, take projects from the lab to the bedside in the hospital, so that we experiment to discover how we can treat patients best, which treatments work, what is the best procedure, how we can, not only get the R&D results, but also improve medical services and medical care in Singapore.

Water--I don't have to tell you why it is important to Singapore, but it is an area where we have an advantage, our companies are among the leading players, we've got Keppel, we've got Sembawang, we've got Hyflux, so I think it is an area where we should put some money and stay ahead, because for a country like Singapore, to be able to export water technology to the Middle East or to China, I think that is something remarkable and which we can do.

Interactive and digital media--what does that mean? It means computer games, it means making movies, animation, cartoons: very competitive business, but one where maybe we have a chance and we can't afford no to be there. And I think we have a chance to be there. I give you one example: Japanese Anime. I don't know how many of you watch Japanese cartoons, but these are the Japanese style cartoons, animation. One big Japanese company has gone into joint venture with NTU (Nanyang) to produce anime. Why did they do that? We don't speak Japanese, we are not [sic: do not have] so many cartoon fans in Singapore; but NTU has developed computer technology so that they can produce anime cartoons 40% cheaper than other people. So we have gone into anime, and there will be other activities, other games, other technologies where we can develop and maintain a position.

4. We are developing our external wing. Our companies are going abroad and doing well. You read about the big companies in the newspapers but tonight, let me tell you about one small company. Tharman came across it and mentioned it to me. He was in Shenyang recently and he came across a Singaporean who was selling curry-puffs in Shenyang. So he talked to the young man. Turns out that the father is in Ang Mo Kio central--used to be my constituency [laughter]--tip top curry-puffs [is this the name of the stall?]. Father is successful here; the son went to China to venture. So he's looked around Shenyang, he concluded that the food is not so interesting and varied as if you go to Shanghai or if you go to Guangzhou so there is an opportunity to sell something they've never met: Singapore curry-puffs. Very successful--I think he's got five shops in Shenyang--and now he is going to go further north [to] Harbin, also [to] sell curry-puffs. So the next time you go to the Harbin Ice Festival [laughter], cold sculptures but hot curry-puffs [laughter, applause].

5. So we are creating a wide range of jobs in Singapore for all Singaporeans: Tourism with the IR as I told you just now--30,000 jobs, we think, that not counting the Sentosa IR.

Manufacturing--not just for graduates, but technicians, diploma holders, semi-skilled workers, all along the line; we are trying to get more people to do the manufacturing jobs, more Singaporeans to get into it, we are still trying, but we hope Singaporeans will make the effort.

We are building...we are going into aerospace maintenance--MRO (Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul)--because people are flying jets all over the region and if you want your jet repaired you want to make sure that you have confidence in the place which is repairing it, and [in] the people who are repairing it, and Singapore is the place. So we are building a big aerospace park in Seletar. And there will be opportunities engineers, inspectors, technicians, [a] whole range of people. And you don't have to be in the field, you can convert and go into the field, learn the skills. There was one young man--Mr Goh Zeng Liong--he's only 35 years old, he used to be a car mechanic. He upgraded himself, joined SIA Engineering, now he is an aerospace technician: from repairing your car to becoming an aerospace technician. And he enjoys his present job because it means precision and attention to details. And as he said, "With cars, I didn't have to be so precise; with aeroplanes [laughter], I must get it exactly right!" So, that's the sort of person I want in the industry.

We also want older and lower-skilled workers to have jobs. We are creating jobs generally in the economy, across the board, but specifically, we have to pay attention to older, lower-skilled workers, get them employed. I am very encouraged because with a growing economy, companies are hiring and maybe they have no choice, maybe they are getting the message, but they are hiring more older workers. And if you look at the employment rates, the percentage of older people working, the men, aged 55 and above, say 55-64 years old, the group who are most vulnerable and at risk of being retired early, their employment rate has gone up dramatically this year. A lot more of them are at work again, which is good. But we must not slacken, because, as [Lim] Swee Say reminds me, we've gone through this cycle several times. Each time there is a down-cycle people treat training, upgrading very seriously, then the economy recovers and they slacken off and they find jobs, then down-cycle they are scrambling again. I think that this time is an up-cycle, while there are good jobs let's concentrate on the older workers, let's get them retrained, because I fear when the next down-cycle comes it's going to hit them harder, and we're going to need all the lead time we have in order to be ready for it and be able to protect the older workers in the next recession.

The Region

6. So our economy is doing well, but of course our economy depends on the region and external factors--we don't prosper by ourselves, we prosper in Asia. If we were "Singapore in Africa", however hardworking we are, I don't think we would be sitting like this: pretty.

7. But we are "Singapore in Asia", and around us, [when] we look at the world, the outlook is good. In Asia, China and India are doing well, and Japan is also not doing badly. The energy is there, the drive is there, Southeast Asia is also carried along, and so we are benefiting.

8. But there are some major risks in the world, and when you are looking forward, this is the way things will go. All you can say is: here are some possibilities and here are some things which can go wrong. And there are a lot of things that can go bump in the night and go wrong, but tonight we just want to share with you two of our worries.

One is oil prices, because of [tensions in] the Middle East. You've been reading the news, you know about Iran and their nuclear program, you know about Iraq and the civil war which is going on there, you know about Israel and the war they have fought with Hizbollah, which has altered perceptions of the Israeli armed forces, the Israeli Defense Forces in the Middle East and is going to have long term consequences. And the problems are far from over.

It's because of the uncertainties in the Middle East--that is why today, oil is [US]$70-plus per barrel and in Singapore electricity is expensive and bus fares have to go up. It's not that there is not enough oil, it's that the fear, the uncertainty, the risk, that is keeping the oil prices high and hurting us. But if something goes wrong in the Middle East, and there is a flare up, oil prices will not stay at $70, it may go to $120, it may double to $150. I think it will have a very big impact on us. It will have a big impact on the whole world, create a global recession.

We have to be psychologically prepared for that. The lower income groups, we can help them. We have U-Save, we have various schemes, many schemes to help the lower income [groups]. We have been doing it, it has been helpful. As the oil prices stay high or if they go higher, we will do more, as we will consider doing more next year in the budget.

But [for] the economy as a whole, if this happens and there is an oil crisis, an oil shock, then we will have to work together and pull through, as we pull through after the Asian crisis, as we pull through after 9/11, working together, cutting cost, showing that we are different, and taking the adjustments that we have to make in order to make ourselves competitive again.

The second worry which we have is terrorism. It's not a new problem, but it's a problem which is far from over. And what has happened in the UK these last couple of weeks, last week, and you've been reading how they've arrested a group about to blow up 9 aeroplanes crossing the Atlantic shows that it is a very serious risk. These were not people from the Middle East, or directly Al-Qaeda operatives. These were British born second generation immigrants, in Britain, who got organized and were linked up with Al-Qaeda and were going to do mass murder on an unimaginable scale: home-grown terrorists.

Is it a faraway thing? No, it's a danger to us too. It's a danger to us physically--so this evening when you come here it's like going into a battlefield [laughter], so many obstacles and scans. But the greater danger is not the physical one. It's a danger to our racial harmony and our social cohesion. That something like this happening here or even not here but nearby can pull our racial harmony apart and destroy us. And that's why we have to continue to take it very seriously, to continue to emphasize racial harmony, continue to focus on the community engagement program, and to work with the community leaders and all the IRCCs, the Inter Racial Confidence Circles. And to share with you our worries and what we know so you can help us to deal with the problem and to keep the problem manageable if it should happen. These are things which can go wrong.

9. If you look around us in ASEAN, while overall, things are good we also see problems which are already in front of us. Some ASEAN countries are doing very well, like Vietnam, which is taking off, but others have real difficulties.

Thailand, for example, has had some tough times for the last, almost a year. They are going into general elections for the second time this year--in fact, third time in two years--in October. And even the general elections may not be the end of their political problems, because the opposition to Prime Minister Thaksin and his Thai Rak Thai party is very strong, despite their [Thaksin and the TRT] getting 2/3 of the votes.

In Malaysia, there are deep political differences between former Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir and the present Prime Minister Dr. Abdullah Badawi. I think everyone hopes that the problems will be resolved soon. They are not our problems Bilaterally, between Singapore and Malaysia, the negotiations over the bridge, over airspace and sand have ended. There are some other matters which are outstanding but these are on the backburner for the time being, and meanwhile, we are working together with Malaysia, fostering our cooperation in areas where we can have mutual benefit.

Indonesia also has significant difficulties. The government has tackled some very tough problems. Last year, they cut subsidies on petrol, on diesel, on kerosene, electricity, raised prices significantly: a very courageous move which was essential to them. But they've other things which they need to do. They've got labor laws which need to be changed, they've got tax laws which need to be changed, they've got investment laws which need to be changed; but politically very difficult--they have to go through the DPR, the parliament, it's a long process and investors are waiting to see when it is going to happen.

So we are working with Indonesia, to cooperate with them to work on Special Economic Zones in the Riaus--Batam, Bintan and Karimun--so that what is more difficult to do in Indonesia across the board they can do first in the Special Economic Zone, get it going, demonstrate, and then, you'll be able... [if] it works there is a basis for extending it to the rest of Indonesia. We are cooperating with Indonesia because we believe that it's good for us if Indonesia prospers, it's good for ASEAN if Indonesia prospers.

These regional problems don't affect us directly, but indirectly they affect us, because they condition the climate of ASEAN as a whole, and when investors look at ASEAN, and they see the clouds as well as the bright spots, they have one general impression and Singapore is part of that [general impression]. So ASEAN has to get its act together. We talk about ASEAN being the body with two wings: China, India taking off and carrying us along. But if your body is not strong, and the two wings are very strong, whether you are a bird or an aeroplane you will have a problem. So it's necessary for ASEAN to be strong in order to benefit from China and India otherwise they fly off and we are left in pieces on the ground. And that's why we will continue to work with our ASEAN partners to promote growth and stability in Southeast Asia.

10. But if you take the situation as a whole, and make a considered assessment, I would say: it's good, we just have to be ready psychologically and be prepared in case one of the things goes wrong we will not be taken by surprise.

11. One important plus factor for us in this external world is our reputation, our high international standing. If you want to be special, if you want people to notice you, if we want Singapore to stand out, then our reputation is critical. And our reputation is good, which is one reason why we are getting our investments and growth. Next month, our reputation is on [the] line. S/2006 the IMF and World Bank are having their Annual Meetings in Singapore. There will be 16,000 delegates and visitors here. It's bigger than anything we've done. So let's work together to make it the best meeting they have had and let's do it all of us. We said "4 Million Smiles" but it's also 4 million pairs of hands and hard work. It's not just about smiles to welcome guests, but it's also service from the heart, not just being nice to them but knowing what to do and knowing your job and being able to take care of them and leave them with a clear impression that this is a special place and that what they can do in Singapore they can't do in many other places in the world. And if you impressed them, if Singaporeans impressed them, that means the taxi drivers, the immigration officials, the counter staff, the shop girls, the officials organizing the meetings, the liaison officers bringing the people from place to place, getting them to the right place at the right time, you will do a greater favor to Singapore and be more effective than any EDB or Tourism Board advertising campaign [laughter], because this will be the real thing and not just a glossy picture, and what is impressing people is not what the ministers or the high officials do but what ordinary Singaporeans are able to do, so that if they go back, they can tell their people [that] in Singapore, everybody is special. And I think that is the impression we want to leave them, and I think that is the impression we should leave tourists and visitors who come to Singapore for a long, long time to come.

The Population

12. Let me now talk about our population. If we want our economy to grow, if we want to be strong internationally, then we need a growing population, and not just numbers but also talents in every field in Singapore.

13. Today many more Singaporeans are living, working, traveling, operating abroad, studying abroad. The doors are open to us, to a broad range of Singaporeans, not just at the top but across the board. And not only are the doors open but we are being headhunted.

American universities--Ivy League--now admits students from overseas, and they do it on a needs-blind basis. What does it mean needs-blind? It means if you need, they will take care of you. If you can't afford to pay the fees, they will help you to pay the fees or help you to find the work. And if you are outstanding, they will give you a full fee scholarship, no bond. PSC has full fee scholarship, five years. We are competing with them. And in a few cases, we've had students who've accepted the American university scholarship and turned down the PSC. So we're being targeted, JC students to university; poly students graduating, doing well, they also are being targeted, sought after.

I went to Sydney, visited the University of New South Wales, because they are setting their university here. They asked me to give away some awards. So I went, I gave away the awards, I said: "What are these awards?'' They said: "These are awards given to the top poly students from Singapore who go to study at the University of New South Wales [laughter], donated by alumni from Singapore." And we have poly students there, I met them, they are all doing very well, bright, able, ambitious, and many opportunities open, and good for them. The vice-chancellor told me, we are happy to take them in as students, but we are even happier when they stay [laughter]. So I came back, I asked NUS and NTU: "Have you got any scholarships for top poly students?'' [laughter] They said: "We are getting them soon."

So, we are getting targeted, and our workers are getting targeted. In the region, in China, when companies look for chief financial officers, they look for Singaporeans. Capable, well-trained, speak Mandarin, honest--not so easy to find. But from Singapore, our standards are high, they will take them. In the Middle East, hotels are hiring people, looking for people who have worked in Singapore, [people with] Singapore experience. In fact, foreign workers who have had experience in Singapore are in demand. So the shipyard workers, after they spent four years or six years here, they go to the Middle East, high demand, qualified, no doubt about their abilities. So, I've been asking MOM [Ministry of Manpower], can't we persuade them to stay here, not 6 years, maybe 8 years, 10 years, don't let them help our competitors [laughter]. We are trying, but it's a global market and we are in demand.

13. We have to accept this reality. In fact, it's good. Our universities and polys have high standing, Singaporeans are in demand everywhere, and the opportunities are there, go for it. We respect the choice of those who work overseas. In fact, we encourage Singaporeans to go abroad, spend time abroad, gain experience, understand how the world operates and then come back to Singapore. But of course, while it's good to have people abroad, we also hope that they don't spend all their life there and at some stage, they will decide to come back to Singapore.

And we also worry. We worry because if every trained and skilled Singaporean is abroad, then who's going to be here in Singapore, jaga rumah [laughter], looking after the home, keeping Singapore dynamic, vibrant, beating, and if we have so many people overseas but not many in Singapore, where will the next generation of Singaporeans come from? How will we get talented and skilled Singaporeans to keep this place going?

15. So what can we do? I think there are three things we have to do. One, we have to maintain strong links with the Singaporeans who are abroad, with our overseas network so that they become a strength for us and not a loss. Two, we need to encourage, we have to make sure that we have enough babies, and three, we need immigration, welcome talent to come to Singapore.

I will only talk about our overseas network briefly and then talk about immigration because babies is a subject you know about. It's just a matter of having the babies [laughter].

16. First of all, overseas Singaporeans. We've got to keep in touch with our network overseas. We've been doing it in various ways, ad hoc. We've set up now an Overseas Singaporean Unit, an OSU in Prime Minister's Office. Wong Kan Seng is supervising this. And the idea of the OSU is to engage Singaporeans overseas, keep them updated, make sure that they know what's happening in Singapore, keep them part of our global family. And we want to do this not just as the government taking the initiative but also to have the students or the overseas Singaporeans take the initiative, organize and link up with Singapore.

So for example, yesterday there was a little conference in Singapore called Confluence 2006. Teo Chee Hean went. It was an initiative by a student who was in UCL (University College London). He studied law there. He felt he wanted to organize an event, to have all the Singapore students who are overseas who happen to be back now on holiday in Singapore to gather together and to be able to have a dialogue. So they took the initiative, they organized it, 900 people showed up. I think they had a good discussion with the ministers and I think this is something we should encourage. In fact, some of these organizers will be invited to tea [laughter].

So we need to link up with them, serious events, not so serious events. Recently there was a Chilli Crab Festival in New York and London, supposed to be for foreigners but I imagine a lot of Singaporeans must have showed up. And, why not? It's a social occasion, let's help them network, let's help them get together. If it has to be laksa, bak kut the, Tiger beer, so be it.

We also have to help Singaporeans to come back, and when they are ready to come back, to link them up so that they can find jobs, to link them up so that their children can get into schools, and to help them to integrate back in smoothly so when they come back you don't have a crashing of gears and suddenly from a different environment, you come back to Singapore with such a shock that they may be put off and they may go off again. And it takes some adjustment and some getting used to, to be back in Singapore, and I think we can do a lot to help them to merge in.

So the Overseas Singapore Unit is going to be launching its online portal soon, and it's the best way to keep in touch with everybody. Wong Kan Seng is going to be in China and we'll be launching it in Shanghai, where I think there are 7,000 overseas Singaporeans. And we need to use such links, help them link up with one another, help Singaporeans in Singapore link up with the people who are abroad.

17. So, first, we must deal with our diaspora, to make them part of the family and treat them as part of the family. Secondly, we must continue to promote immigration into Singapore because just as we accept that Singaporeans have the world as their oyster, so too we must promote immigration here, and let this be one of the options which talent from around the world will look for when they are considering where to go and live. Many countries are doing this. The Australians are working hard at it, the Canadians are working hard at it, even the Americans have lucky draws for green cards. You know what the green card is: it's a PR. And even China is scouting for talent, China with 1,300 million people, looking for talent. They're offering scholarships to top students from other countries. Their professional football teams are hiring foreign footballers. They want to get into the World Cup finals. And we must do the same. We have to do this. So we are setting up a Citizenship and Population Unit, also in PMO. So we'll have two, one OSU (Overseas Singaporeans), one Citizenship and Population, to bring people into Singapore. And we have to promote our immigration program overseas.

Countries know, people know Singapore. They no longer think that Singapore is somewhere in China [laughter]. They know Singapore is special, they even have heard of the little red dot. But they don't know that Singapore is out looking for talent. So if you go to the Channel News Asia website, or the Straits Times Interactive website, you will find the banner ad on top: click on this, check out your eligibility for Australian PR, or green card, give it a try. That should be the Singapore advertisement down there [laughter]. Our CSU, our Citizenship and Singaporean Unit, click here, application form for Singapore PR will go to you by e-mail [laughter]. That's what we need to do. Get our message across, get people to be interested, then we can choose and have good ones, capable, able to make a contribution, join Singapore.

We must look for all kinds of talent. It's not just numbers. You are looking for people with ability, with drive, with initiative and ideas and not just one kind of initiative and ideas, graduates or professionals or bankers and lawyers but all kinds. And let me just give you some examples.

Mustaq, Mustaq Ahmad. You've heard of Mustafa's. Mr Mustaq Ahmad, he was an immigrant. He came from Uttar Pradesh in India as a young boy. He's made a very successful business here, now it's a shopper's paradise, 24/7, and it's not just Indian tourists who shop at Mustafa's now, Singaporeans go there to shop, because it's good, it's cheap, wide range, fresh products. More than 1,000 staff work for him. So people who think that if you have a foreigner come here, he's taking away a Singaporean's job, you're wrong. You get the right foreigner here, he creates thousands of jobs for Singaporeans, like Mr Mustaq. And you need to get more people like him.

There are other talents. Some of you may know David Gan. He is a celebrity hairstylist. According to the newspapers, it costs $250 a haircut. He came here from Malaysia to work, he's been here 22 years; recently he got his citizenship, last December. He said it was the best Christmas present he had ever received because "Singapore groomed me, gave me many opportunities. I've felt Singaporean in my heart for the past 12 years.'' If you go on paper qualifications, he will not qualify. But [if] you go on talent, skill, he has something which most of us don't have.

You want people who don't have that paper but have that brains and that initiative. Not easy to find, and sometimes they get away. I give you one example where I wish we had got the fellow. A Chinese illegal immigrant [laughter] came to Singapore, we found him, we kicked him out [laughter], he changed his passport, he got back in [laughter]. When next we found him, he was running at least five hawker stalls, he was employing at least 11 PRC Chinese (I don't know whether legal or illegal) [laughter] and quite a number more of Singaporeans. We suspect he had even bigger business but we couldn't prove. But unfortunately because he was a second-time illegal immigrant, we had to throw him out again. So one day we should get him back, and we should get other people like that to come back and to come to Singapore, because they have the spunk, the drive, and they will make it with sheer grit and get to the top one day.

Singapore offers something unique. We're an Asian society with an Asian heritage and culture and roots, and yet we are an open and a cosmopolitan society. We use English as a common language. We keep our mother tongues and our cultures intact and alive. And people from many cultures and backgrounds can come here, live here, be comfortable here and enjoy, integrate into our society, become Singaporean and yet retain what is unique about them and the links which they have back to their own cultures, their own homelands, their own sense of identity.

And this is not just the three major races--Chinese or the Indians or the Malays--but also many other smaller groups. In the earlier generations, we had Parsis, we had Jews from Iraq, we had Armenians, we had Arabs. Little little groups came to Singapore, and made their home here, and made their contribution here. Today we get people from all over the world too. We have people from Turkey, there are Portuguese, somebody from Venezuela, somebody from Morocco, even a Korean or two, some Russians. And they add color and diversity to this society. So our cuisine is something special--Singaporeans love food, you want Korean ginseng chicken, you can get the real thing cooked by a Korean. You want Arab food, you go to Arab street, you can eat shawarma, which is shish kebab. You can smoke the hubble-bubble, the waterpipe. Now harder because new rules on no smoking [laughter]. But it's something different for Singapore. So when we get Middle Eastern visitors, they go to Arab Street, they feel very much at home, they are very happy.

And we have other customs too. Recently there was a splendid wedding in Singapore. The groom came riding on a white horse. He was a Marwari, it's an Indian group, Indian businessman, very successful caste. So the zoo is now thinking of going into the service of providing [laughter] horses and elephants for weddings [laughter]. I think it's good. But I would say this works both ways: because we are open and cosmopolitan, so the foreigners come here and they are comfortable here, but we want to be open and cosmopolitan, and that is why we need the foreigners to come to add to our color, to make this a special, exciting, diverse cosmopolitan place. And then we can remain the Singapore and become even better than the Singapore that we have been.

So we encourage immigrants to keep their cultures and their languages alive, to keep the links with their countries of origin. And one of the ways to do this is language. So in schools and education, the Ministry of Education will do more to support the study of foreign languages. Wherever there is demand, Hindi, Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, we will make it easy for the foreign students to learn this and in fact, we'll make it easy for Singaporeans who want to learn these languages as third languages, because it will also help to prepare Singaporeans to link up with the opportunities outside, especially I think in Southeast Asia and in the Middle East.

So there are things which we can do as a government in order to open our doors and bring immigrants in. But more importantly as a society, we as Singaporeans, each one of us, we have to welcome immigrants, welcome new immigrants. I know that some Singaporeans don't agree. They have reservations, they worry about the competition, they are unhappy that immigrants come, here don't do National Service, or maybe they just don't like immigrants living next to them. I mean, once in a while, I hear stories of HDB residents who complain to the media that some immigrants have moved in, foreigners, they don't feel safe. Please move them away or compensate the HDB resident. It affects their environment.

I understand these concerns because somebody new coming in, fitting in, they are different. A Chinese Chinese is different from a Singapore Chinese. An Indian Indian is different from a Singapore Indian. In fact, when I met Mr. Koizumi last year and I told him, you know, we are bringing in Chinese Chinese, Indian Indians, he looked at me, he said, "Chinese Chinese?" [laughter]. I had to explain, "Ya, indeed, they come from China. Singapore Chinese come from Singapore [laughter]. We are different."

But we are different doesn't mean we have to reject them, we have to take a big-hearted approach. Our forefathers were immigrants too. If they had been kept out of Singapore, we wouldn't be here today. And to grow and flourish, we have to help those who...we must let people come and invite people to come who can help us to achieve our goals. And if they come from China or India or Russia, well, if they can integrate into our society and make a contribution, I say, they are Singaporean too.

They may not do NS, but their sons will do NS, and that is the way to build a Singapore for Singaporeans. That is the difference between America and Europe. In America, they take people from all over the world. They don't become fully American immediately but you will have Russian-American, Chinese-American, Korean-American, German-American, African-American, Latin-American, Spanish-American, and so on. You hyphenate so I know that you are not quite the same but you are half American already. And in the next generation, well, you are more American, after four, five generations, the name is different but actually you speak the same twang.

The Europeans don't do that. You don't have Chinese-Germans, American-Germans, Singaporean-Germans. Not possible. The society is different. It's not just that you don't have Chinese-Germans, if you are Chinese and living in Germany, you will find it very hard: you cannot get integrated into the society. And therefore, it's a tremendous competitive disadvantage which the Europeans have compared to the United States.

And we have to be more like the US than like the Europeans. And we can have, we will hyphenate: Australian-Singaporeans, Chinese-Singaporeans, Chinese-Chinese-Singaporeans [laughter], but make them one of us. And if we meet one of them, let's be friendly, let's go out of our way to show them around, help them, make them feel at home.

If you are a taxi driver and somebody comes into your taxi and speaks with a Chinese, Mainland accent, show him around, tell him where to go, he may already know if he's here some time but show him to the right place, don't take him for a longer drive [laughtere]. It's a small example but it is what we should look out for as a mindset and attitude.

Of course the immigrants also have to make the effort to fit in, participate in community activities which many of them do. We see them [at] National Day dinners, our block parties, they come assiduously. And they tell you, "In the country where I come from, you never have a chance to have a block party, to meet the MP or the minister"; but in Singapore you can, they participate. Their children study in our schools, often do well. So even if the first generation is not completely Singaporean, the second generation growing up here will be and will contribute to Singapore.

So, this year we've had quite a number of foreign students who have become Singaporean who have got scholarships. One girl got the President's scholarship, from China. Another boy, also from China, took up citizenship, got an SAF scholarship. So he's going to serve much longer than two and a half years. And a third one, also a boy, from India, he's taking up an overseas merit scholarship becoming a teacher. All children of immigrants, came here late, maybe eight/nine years old or early teens, become Singaporean, almost speaks Singlish [laughter].

So I met the OMS scholar, Shyam Srinivasan. He came at 14. He went to Geylang Methodist Secondary School--neighborhood school--but did good for him. Then he went to Victoria Junior College. Now he's taken up citizenship, obtained a scholarship. When he finishes, he comes back, completes his NS, I think when he goes into classrooms he will be helping us to educate the next generation of Singaporeans.

And we want many more like them. We can give more scholarships, we are not short of scholarships. What we are short of is talent and the more we can get of talent, as Philip Yeo says "kidnap them", I think the better off we will be.

The Digital Age

18. Besides the population issue, another thing which is happening to us right now and is going to have a big impact on us is the digital age. The new technologies, the Internet, handphones, PDAs, all kinds of things which beep, which vibrate, which communicate, which connect us to cyberspace, not in heaven but somewhere on earth [laughter].

19. It's a completely different world, we haven't talked about it, but you just think back one generation how things have changed. When I was in university--away three years, came back once--I telephoned home three times, once a year to report results [laughter]. Very big event, very difficult to set up, cost a lot of money, you speak for three minutes, you put down the phone. Now, families communicate across the world as if they were side by side. I met one mother who told me, "My daughter is in London, teenager, every night she gets home she will SMS me to tell me she has got home safely." I met another father, this one a grassroots leader in West Coast with Iswaran, his son is in Florida, grown up, married, but every day he will talk to his son, video camera, MSN, Microsoft Networks, almost free. It's instantly. If he's on the other side of the world, you will call him. If he is two tables away from you, you will also telephone call him [laughter].

So we've changed. How we think and concentrate has changed. When I used to study or when I work now, still, I turn off the music, I go to a quiet place, I open one file, I focus on one major thing because then you bring all your powers to bear and you made the right decision. Now, children are multi-tasking, at least they tell me they are multi-tasking [laughter]. I watch mine, I'm sure you watch yours too, homework open, music, earphones, Internet chat, game [laughter]. And I'm told you are not only surfing but multi-surfing [laughter] because if you surf one site, it's boring, three or four at once, any time you can just flick. And any information in the world, just google it. I asked them, what is an encyclopedia, they will say "google it" [laughter]. So attention spans have gotten shorter, when you are bored, just switch: it's a different way of thinking, a different approach to life. How we get to know one another, how we establish trust and links with one another has changed. The older generation worked face to face. Mr Lim Kim San always used to say he hates e-mail, because you can't feel the person. You call the person, sit in front of you, you talk to him, you exchange views with him, you get the sense what's going on, what he really thinks, and then you can make a decision. E-mail, back and forth, it'll leads to misunderstanding.

But now, young people, they are making friends on the Internet. They never meet one another, exchange photographs on MySpace. What is MySpace? It's a place where you paste your photographs and the photographs can make friends with each other [laughter]. And I'm told some young people even get married on the Internet [laughter]! I don't recommend it [laughter].

20. So it's a different world, but it's one in which I think Singaporeans will do well: our people take very easily to IT, it's opened up many opportunities for us, for our economy, lots of jobs which Singaporeans can do, and broader benefits for the whole economy. Without IT, PSA would be out of business. Without IT we wouldn't be a banking hub. Without IT, Changi Airport wouldn't be able to be a first-class airport. But with IT, we make the most of our talents and our brains. And with IT we also become connected as a more participative society if we make the effort.

21. And we have come a long way exploiting IT, making it a pervasive part of our lives. Singaporeans have done lots and lots of things online. So if you go into cyberspace, you will find Singapore in many places. I trawled a few which I'd like to share with you. Let me start with food which is nearest to Singaporeans' hearts. This is a food website called Chubby Hubby, very popular, lots of food, lots of dishes, lots of interesting places to eat.

But the web is not just for individuals and for blogs, it's also for communities to gather, for people to share interests to work to get to, to exchange with one another, to pursue their passions together. So the next picture shows you one such website. It's Club Snap []. It's photograph, photography website for enthusiasts to critique one another's work, to organize activities and to share and display their successes, very popular.

Young and old now go onto the Internet. The young, even children, have blogs and some of the blogs are quite good. This one is a blog by a little girl called Li Ying done together with her father and obviously they are very proud of what they have done and proud of the family. And there are many other such.

Old people also put up blogs; this one is called bullockcartwater, ngau che sui [laughter]. So writing about the neighborhood, festivals, foods, the people, the activities, the place, the ties that bind us to Singapore, in this case, Chinatown.

The next slide you may have seen, [laughter] If you want humor, you go there. Some of the jokes are not bad [laughter]. Not all of them [laughter].

The next slide is not so funny but very popular, [laughter] Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore. Got a tax question, ask Iras, because 2/3 of Singaporeans pay their income tax on this website.

22. So across the board, whether it's entertainment, whether it's culture, whether it's personal interest, whether it's community, whether it's government, we are there. And we're determined to take full advantage of all the digital opportunities which are opening up. We are building the infrastructure in Singapore: the Infocom Development Authority plan to wire up the whole country so there is wired and wireless, fully connected. Wired, so all the homes, all the offices eventually will have fibre to the home--that means very high-speed connections; and all the public places will be wireless, any time, anywhere, anyone. So you can just go on, start up your laptop or your PDA or Skype, and [you] can communicate. So we will be fully into the cyberworld.

We are preparing our young for this new age. We've made IT, the Internet, an integral part of our school life. Many experiments go on, some have gone even further than others. You look at the polytechnics. Republic Poly has done something special: every student has a notebook, the whole campus is WIFI, wireless connected. You hand up your tutorials electronically. You do the homework on your notebook, you pass up online. At 11 o'clock at night, if you haven't passed up your homework, the site logs off, too late [laughter], you are done for.

So we are completely prepared for this. And we are going to include every Singaporean in this, whether you are poor or not, whether you are young or old, you will be part of this. So we've got all sorts of schemes to help lower income families with school-going children to own PCs, to access the Internet, to be able to do their homework, their projects, same as their peers. So nobody is left out. We cannot have a digital divide splitting Singaporeans--those who know and have computers from those who don't know and don't have.

And older people are one of those groups who need extra help connecting up to computers, so we will work with them in the community centers. We've got centers called CitizenConnect, we've got Internet access for the old folks, and for those who are not so familiar we have helpers to help them, and to make them comfortable we have helpers with a little bit of grey hair, so that you would understand their problem and will be able to communicate with them and get them to be comfortable.

23. So, with the digital age, I think we are going to move ahead. But we also must know some of the problems which [the] digital age will bring. It will change the texture of our society because it will also create new problems which need to be managed. We have more information, faster information, but at the same time, not necessarily more accurate information. There will be half-truths and untruths which will circulate and you won't know which is which readily. And there will be good views but also bad views, extremist views which will divide our society. And the terrorist groups, the Jihadis groups, they are on the Internet, recruiting, spreading their message, preparing attacks, and we have to know this.

And apart from specific bad things, we'll also have a new phenomenon that we are in so many places on the Internet that you have to make an effort to come back and be in the same place together, all of us Singaporeans together. We used to say broadcasting, that means you put out the channel, TV station or TV program, everybody watches, broad segments of the population. Now they say narrowcasting: I have this special interest, in frisbees or whatever it is, I aim for this group of the audience; that group has a different interest--he's watching a different channel, this group--the third group, another channel. So if you've got cable TV, you may have 100 channels. We are all in different places and to bring us all together, to celebrate National Day or watch the parade, we need to make an extra effort to come together, to be a nation.

24. So, these are new challenges and our society has to adapt to them. We've got to learn and practice new habits, especially the young people. First of all, be skeptical, don't believe everything you see, not everything which is published is true, know what is right or wrong and be restrained. Don't over-react; you see something, you get excited, you work up your friends, your friends work you up, all of a sudden, you've gone and got aroused, done something, tomorrow you'll regret it. And we've got to protect ourselves from the bad things on the Internet, the negatives. The laws still apply and if somebody publishes his racist ideas in a blog, we will track him down and we will take him to task according to the law, as we have done.

25. So our society has to evolve, our media have to evolve. The mainstream media--television, newspapers, radio--they are under siege. They worry that all the eyeballs will go somewhere else, and they have to find ways to hold these eyeballs to keep making sure that they are relevant and they can fulfill their role, [and] they have an important role to play. So they have to adapt but they have to remain objective, maintain a high quality newspaper, and if you read something in the Straits Times or on CNA, you must know that it's real. It's quite different from reading this, say, on [laughter]. You know which is the serious place and which one is that one, well, for fun. Inform, educate, entertain, but play a constructive role in a new way in Singapore.

26. The Government has to adapt to the digital age. First of all, we need to find leaders who are of that age group, and that's what we have been doing, that's why in this election we fielded a lot of people who are below 40 years old and we call them the "P65 generation". And they are reaching out to the young generation, understanding the young, being in tune with them, same wavelength, knowing how they react, how to move and motivate this group. But this is P65. By the next election, P65 will not be so old [sic: young], we better be P70 or maybe P75. But we have to move with the times and have a Gen B with that generation.

We still need to get our message across. We will use the new media--multimedia, podcasts, vodcasts--all these things which you get in the Internet or somebody sends to you by e-mail. I think our ministries and our agencies have to experiment, have to try it out. They are trying it out in other countries. In America--I told you about MySpace where you post your pictures--the US Marine Corps have a picture in MySpace, they are making friends, hoping to get recruits. I think the Singapore Armed Forces maybe should also have [laughter], Singapore Police Force too in MySpace. Maybe the PAP should be in MySpace [laughter] because this is one of the mediums you are reaching out to [sic: this is one of the mediums with you can reach out to people].

The multinationals are using blogs to communicate. Companies like Microsoft have staff who have blogs. Their politicians, instead of sending out newsletters, they are spending time recording podcasts, putting podcasts on their website. So download--their supporters will download, will listen, will get their message. So we have to update, we have to try these out and we have to move with the times, and when our laws have to change, like our laws governing podcasts during elections or our laws on political videos, these are things which we have to update as we go along.

So we have to adapt our message and our approach. We can't just do the old way, just issue statements and rebuttals. I mean there's a standard form. You know, you said this, I say this, you are wrong here, this is what it should be. So therefore you just bang. I think we have to use all ways to get our message across, art, humour, wit, get our point across, and be able to laugh at ourselves because if we can't laugh at ourselves when you are standing on a pedestal, somebody is going to knock you down.

So, last year, for the rally I showed two little clips, in a very small way putting my toe into the water--Tau Gay Not Enough and Tau Gay Never Enough. That's a harmless form of the new media. But in fact we have some serious decisions to make because we have to decide how far to go, what tone to set. And it's not just all fun and games. I give you an example. You put out a funny podcast, you talk about bak chor mee [laughter]. I will say mee siam mai harm [Editor's note: possibly mee siam mai hiam; see this]. Then we compete. Then what will I do? I will hire Jack Neo to be my National Day Rally adviser [laughter]. It'll be a fun time, we will enjoy thoroughly, go home totally entertained. But is this the way to deal with serious issues? And the problem is, it won't stop with fun and games. You'll go to distortions, you'll go to half-truths, you'll go to untruths, the tone of the debate will go down, eventually, you race to the bottom.

You look at what has happened in other countries where the media are unrestrained, where they have just gone and let go: Philippines, Taiwan. So much creative energy goes into political entertainment that even some of their own people who are more thoughtful sit back and worry and say, is this really the way for our society to go. So there was one commentary recently from somebody who's talked about Taiwan. There's a Taiwanese TV program called quan min luan jiang [laughter]. That means the whole of the citizenry talks rubbish [laughter]. It's a very funny program. It's on cable, a lot of Singaporeans watch it. So this commentary said quan min luan jing is fine. And now they have quan min kai jiang. That means we just open up and talk. But what about quan min hao hao jiang [laughter]? In other words, all of the people sincerely sit down seriously discuss serious problems. How do you get that message through? And that is the message which we want to keep.

We have got to keep this government serious and responsible. We can't govern based on jokes, we can't govern based on sound-bites, or distortions. You have to have debates which will add reason, which will add enlightenment, which will come to a conclusion, and not just end up in angry words and name calling, or, if you take the Taiwanese Parliament where they throw things at each other and even the women are part of the battle [laughter].

Yes it's good to be passionate, to care enough about what's happening in the country, to want to fight for what you believe in, not just say something, better still, do something. But passion and emotions must also be balanced by logic, thinking, calmness and wisdom. There is no point just working people up running down our institutions because at the end you make our problems harder, not easier to solve. It leads nowhere. We have to debate. If we didn't have a debate, I think we will come to the wrong conclusion. But you must have debate to work out solutions for the larger good and for the longer term.

Singapore is changing and we must change. Some things are changing quickly, other things take a little bit longer. There are a few things which we should not change, which are fundamental to us: like our integrity, caring for others, our sense of being special and unique, and our passion for Singapore--that cannot change. But other things have to change. Sometimes it takes time, I think we have to work at it, plug at it, and continue to find our way forward. By all means, if you think the government is doing something wrong, criticize us, criticize the government, criticize the leaders, but be prepared to stand by your criticisms, to back up what you say and let's argue it out. If the government disagrees, then we have to respond. If you criticize the government, and the government doesn't respond, then the government hasn't taken you seriously, number one, doesn't deserve to be here, number two, because if we don't respond, untruths will be repeated and will be believed and eventually will be treated as facts and the government and the leaders will lose the respect of the population and the moral authority to govern. So we argue, sometimes we argue fiercely. But we should not take that as a sign that we are not open. Openness doesn't mean just lovey-dovey. Openness means being prepared to be candid, to be direct, and to discuss very serious things very seriously.

So I give you the example of Mr Brown's column in Today. Some of you may have read it, some of you may not. But it hit out wildly at the government and in a very mocking and dismissive sort of tone. So MICA [Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts] replied. How can you not reply? And some Singaporeans feel we were too harsh, we should have been gentler, or maybe just even accepted it, it is just niceness, he didn't mean us any harm.

Well, my view is like this: Mr Brown is very talented man (in fact he is Mr Lee Kim Mun). If you listen to his podcasts, they are hilarious. And he is entitled to his views, and entitled to express them. But when he takes on the government and makes serious accusations, as he did in this case because he said the government suppressed information before the elections which was awkward and only let it out afterwards, then the government has to respond, firstly to set the record straight, and secondly to signal that this is really not the way to carry on a public debate on national issues and especially not in the mainstream media.

27. So we are moving forward. I would say whatever the risks in this new world, whatever the uncertainties, we have to press on, move ahead, open up. You cannot freeze in the headlights, take fright and just stop in your tracks. You will be run over. We have to keep on moving forward, open up and this basic approach cannot change.

We don't have all the answers. We don't know what all the risks are. We are feeling our way forward step by step. As Deng Xiaopeng used to say, mo zhe shi zi guo he, looking for one stone at a time as you cross the river [sic: making one's way across the river by feeling the stones]. So we will take it step by step in an orderly way. We don't expect everybody to agree all the time--in fact if we all agree all the time, something must be wrong with us. So you don't want everybody to be singing the same note, but at least we should be in the same room and if we are playing music, then you should be playing jazz and improvising and it should be...we're each saying different things but it blends together and it's a Singapore tone, Singapore tune and Singapore moves forward. And that's the way we should be in the digital age.

Singapore Heartware

28. Because our people are all over the world and because we are bringing in people from all over the world and because of the digital age bombarding us with new ideas and all kinds of new communications, it becomes all the more important that we strengthen our heartware, our emotional ties which bind Singaporeans to Singapore and to one another. It's critical in this age. You may be more connected than ever, but to be connected as a people, as one Singapore, as four million of us, I think that's something which we have to make the effort to do.

29. How do we get Singaporeans to feel this, to feel that we are Singaporean, that we belong here, we are not just some citizen in cyberspace, passport issued by the Republic of Cyberspace? I think you have to do it in many ways. First, we have to tell the Singapore Story and we must know the Singapore Story.

This year, several of our first generation leaders passed away. Mr Lim Kim San recently, Mr Rajaratnam in February and, last October [sic: December], also, Mr Devan Nair. We had commemorations for [the] events. Many Singaporeans didn't know these people, what they had done. They didn't know that Mr Rajaratnam wrote the pledge or that Mr Lim Kim San was the reason that we all have homes in HDB flats. This is a new generation and we have to get them to know so that you will feel and from feeling, then you will belong, understand the core part of the Singapore Story, how we got here.

30. So I think parents and grandparents have a role to play. You have to tell the stories to your children, to your grandchildren, to know not only what happened but how you feel about it, to feel that this is their story and to continue to want to write this story into the next chapter and the next volume.

31. The schools have a lot to do with this because when you go to school, you are not just learning facts or knowledge, you are also learning how to become a Singaporean. So 10 years ago, we launched a program which we called the National Education Program, in 1997. I met some teachers recently and I asked them, "What's happened? You know, you're teaching the kids. Are you making progress?" They said, "Yes, we are making progress, we are doing well. We believe in this and we are passionate about it."

But don't, please, call it "National Education". The kids will switch off because they will think it's a book subject to mug. It's not a mugging subject. It's something you want people to feel, to develop, to feel and sense as a community.

So we have kids who go overseas and do projects in other countries and come back and they know why Singapore is different. We have kids who do projects in our own community. They help hospice patients, they come back, they know there are others in the community less fortunate than them who need help. Through all these activities they will build character, resilience, they will develop leadership, team spirit, and they will feel that this is their Singapore and this is what they must take care of.

32. How do I know we've made progress? If I give an exam I won't know because if they give me the right answer, it may be they studied the right question. But if you see what they do, how they express themselves, how they live, I think you can see that something has sunk home.

Recently, we had a project to get students to do some little movies about social cohesion, about Singapore. And the students surprised us with the results, they were outstanding, and I'd like to show you just two of the movies.

The first one is about a little lump of clay. [Video: Singapore in Clay]

I'll show you a second one. This is sand art. So it's a little bit subtle, you have to watch carefully, see if you can spot the skydivers. [Video: Singapore in Sand Art]

CHIJ, St Joseph's Convent--the girls are here, I think they did well. It shows the new generation has got something special. They understand, they feel and they also got the digital age skills to do it.

33. So I think that we are getting somewhere in schools. But heartware isn't just something we do in schools, it's also about getting all Singaporeans to engage and to participate in shaping the character and the life of our society, to feel passionately about something in our country, to get together to do something about it.

They understand, they feel and they also got the digital age skills to do it. So I think that we are getting somewhere in schools. But heartware isn't just something we do in schools. It's also about getting all Singaporeans to engage and to participate in shaping the character and the life of our society, to feel passionately about something in our country, to get together to do something about it and work something out for the community.

34. And this is happening at all levels. It's not something which the government can force or direct, but we can foster it and we can allow it to happen. And when it happens, I think we can recognize it and celebrate it. I just give you three small examples. One is a group of young people in West Coast--Iswaran's area--who got together after the Boxing Day tsunami to help people in Aceh. They got together, they got organized--I think there are 50 or 60 of them all together--they went to Aceh, they helped to rebuild the primary school. They came back. I think another group went. Altogether now they have done several rotations of people and new young people join in and flow. They have done two primary schools and one community radio station. And in the process they have made friends with one another. In fact, I hear two of them after getting into the project fell in love and got married [laughter]. So it's not directed by us. We helped them but they got organized, they delivered them. They did something which they felt was worth doing together with other Singaporeans [applause].

We've got people who care passionately about the environment. A few years ago, Tanjung Chek Jawa, they got organised and they persuaded Mah Bow Tan to save Tanjung Chek Jawa and persuaded the Cabinet too. But they continue to work.

There is a Waterways Watch Society in Singapore. It's founded by a retired banker, Mr Eugene Heng. And they are a group of volunteers and on weekends they cruise along the Kallang Basin or the Singapore River and make sure that it's clean and watch out for anybody who may be littering. And they are also working with the schools to raise awareness. So they have got St Andrew's Secondary now to adopt that segment of the Kallang River which flows past the school and they can use it for water sports.

It's purely for the community but they feel strongly about it. They will devote time to it. And you need people like these if you are going to have a Marina Bay which is beautiful and clean and which we will all be able to enjoy. So that's another example.

We have young people who are now devoting their time to alumni matters. Our university graduates when they graduate, now they donate, they help the university organize things. SMU, recently one young man fresh out of university, just started working, Mr Darren Lim, and he has decided that he will donate part of his salary every year back to the university to fund part of a scholarship for one accountancy student, because he feels grateful and he would like others to come along. So it's the principle. He benefited from what others have planted before him and he is going to plant something and leave a legacy for the next generation, a way of thanking his parents for giving him an education.

35. So these are the ingredients of heartware. They are individual pieces. They are not all organized top-down planned, but they show people who care, they show people who are doing things, and they show people who will get together and will feel that Singapore is a place where I did these things and I belong because I contributed and I made it happen and I made it different.


36. So these are some of the key issues that will affect Singapore's future in a rapidly changing world.

37. What will Singapore be like 10 or 15 years from now? We can't tell because it depends on what happens in the outside world. The outlook is bright but there are risks and there are bound to be surprises. But we know what we're aiming for and we're going to do our best to get it. We're aiming for an economy which will bring good jobs... from people who are senior citizens who learn to operate their washing machine in the hawker centre, to a fund manager who's servicing clients around the world. We will have an economy which creates opportunities for people to fulfill their dreams, to pursue what they believe in, to create something new, to make their own lives better and make the lives of their fellow men better. We will be a society with an outstanding living environment, first class, whether HDB or private, something where all the amenities are there, where the community feels at home, where if you are old or disabled, you can get around. There will be lifts on every floor and good amenities for all. And we will have education, first-class education to prepare people for the digital age and make sure that all of us are on the top side of the rich poor divide and everyone of us has skills, everyone of us will be able to make a living for ourselves and pursue many paths to success.

38. We will be an open, inclusive society where we all have a place, where we can all contribute, we all care for one another as one people and one nation, whatever our race, religion or background. These are ambitious goals but I think we can achieve them. We have what it takes. I think if we make up our minds, we will get there. We have the energy, the drive, the spirit and we will do something special for ourselves.

You've all been watching World Cup recently. Let me tell you three Singapore World Cup stories. One is Shamsul Maidin. He was a footballer in the Police team, he found he had a talent as referee, he went and refereed four World Cup games and was voted the best World Cup referee on ESPN. I think we are proud of him [applause].

There's a Robo World Cup. You may not have heard of it. It's held in Germany also. It's a competition between robots which have been trained to play football, soccer. We have been champions, world champions three years in a row [applause], and the team is from Nanyang Polytechnic and it's led by a lecturer, Mr Leong Kum Cheong [applause].

Even in cooking we have World Cup [laughter] and our cooks do well. Last year, our chefs went to a Culinary World Masters in Basel in Switzerland and came first. This year, executive chef Randy Chow and his team, they are going to be competing in the Culinary World Cup in Luxembourg. We haven't won yet but we wish them well [applause].

39. Ours is an improbable nation. We are a small country in an uncertain world, we always worry about the future, we never take anything for granted. Many people have put heart and soul into building what we have today. And through hard work and clear thinking, we've created something unique and something precious in Singapore, a home for all of us. Our forefathers have planted the trees which now provide the shade which we now enjoy. It's now our duty to plant trees and grow them, trees which will give hope and strength to a new generation. And you should do this not because you happen to be born here or because you happen to hold a red passport but because you believe in this mission, you believe in this ideal, you believe that Singapore is something special and worth fighting for. As Mr Rajaratnam said once, because "being Singaporean is not a matter of ancestry but of conviction and choice".

40. This is one of the most exciting and hopeful times in the history of Asia and in fact in the history of Singapore. Many opportunities are opening up but the demands will be very different and greater than what we have faced before. We can meet these challenges and succeed, provided we have the courage and spirit, make the change, adapt, sacrifice, fight together and win, and make this a land of opportunity and give our children a bright future in a rapidly changing world.

Thank you very much.

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